I'm towards the end of John Hattie's book, Visible Learning for Teachers, and my head is FULL! I've loaded it to its gills. Now, as per retrieval practice, I am going to see what I can PULL out of my brain! Here goes:
1. There is a difference between praise and feedback. Do not mix the two. General praise in the classroom to build a warm climate and community is fine. But feedback is about 4 different things:
Perhaps the most deleterious effect of praise is that it supports learned helplessness: students come to depend on the presence of praise to be involved in their schoolwork. p. 136
On page 136 Hattie writes that we want students to move from "What do I know?" and "What can I do?" OR "What do I NOT know?" and "What can I NOT do?" to:
One take away I get from Hattie again and again is the importance of the intentionality of our mindset towards students and the words we choose to use. It's a lot to process and can feel overwhelming. But if I can just change one tiny thing and keep doing that, I believe it WILL make a difference in my students' learning, confidence, and success.